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Investment coal chemical industry enthusiasm is still rising Although the country's cautious attitude toward the coal chemical industry is very clear, the enthusiasm of the investment in coal chemical industry has not only not cooled, but with the strong trend of international oil prices, it has become increasingly fierce.
In recent years, the good market prospect of China's new coal chemical industry has attracted the attention of domestic and foreign investment agencies. Foreign-funded enterprises are competing to enter the Chinese coal chemical industry, providing technology, equipment, and even direct investment in coal chemical projects. SASO's indirect liquefaction technology is the only technology in the world that realizes industrial operation. Therefore, it has been favored by Shenhua Group, the leading coal chemical company in China; and in the downstream of methanol-to-olefins industry, Lurgi has partnered with Shenhua Ning Coal. The Group and Datang respectively signed a technology transfer agreement.
The enthusiasm of domestic companies to invest in coal chemical industry is also unstoppable. First, Yunnan Coal Chemical Group and Hua Xia Bank signed a "Comprehensive Strategic Cooperation Agreement." According to the agreement, Hua Xia Bank will provide RMB 4 billion in funding support to Yunnan Coal Chemical Industry Group; on the same day, Fujian Thumb Industrial Group registered in Jimsar County. Technology company, ready to spend 3 billion yuan to invest in coal chemical industry in Xinjiang.
At the same time, Anhui Huainan coal chemical base was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission. According to its plan, by 2020 it will complete a total investment of 71.2 billion yuan, forming a large-scale coal chemical base with an annual processing capacity of 25 million tons of raw coal; and there will be additional shares to be issued by Guanghui Co., Ltd. (600256) with a total raised capital of 2.5 billion yuan. Invested 1.2 million tons of methanol and 800,000 tons of dimethyl ether coal chemical project annually.
The coal chemical industry has a promising future Pressure is not small At present, China's new coal chemical industry has developed into a coal gasification leading technology, coal-based large-scale methanol-based intermediate products, coal-to-oil, methanol-to-olefin, methanol-to-dimethyl ether and other chemicals. Diversification of the pattern of product development. Among them, coal-to-oil is the technology that China, which is rich in coal and oil, should and must develop under the current background of high oil prices.
In this regard, domestic companies have made gratifying progress. Shenhua's direct coal oil technology pilot plant has passed long-term operation and achieved success; in addition, the low-temperature Fischer-Tropsch synthesis technology developed by Yankuang Group has also been fully tested. Permit, can meet the industrialization demonstration requirements.
However, at the same time, coal-to-oil is not only a large investment, but also the resource pressure, environmental pressure, technical pressure and cost pressure brought about by the production process. It is understood that even a relatively high-level Shenhua Group produces an average of 1 ton of coal per ton of oil. In addition, coal-to-oil conversion consumes large amounts of water, which is a serious environmental pollution.
Du Minghua, dean of the Beijing Coal Chemical Research Branch of the Coal Research Institute, said that the 10,000-ton coal chemical project is basically equal to one billion investment. According to this estimate, there is no investment of more than 10 billion yuan and there is basically no way to go to coal chemical projects.
Methanol and dimethyl ether are high-water-consuming industries, requiring 2 tons of water for each ton of methanol produced, and about 3 tons of water for the production of one ton of dimethyl ether. Based on this calculation, Taigong Tiancheng (600392) 400,000 tons of coalification methanol project and 200,000 tons of dimethyl ether project need about 1 million tons of water per year. Shanxi is a water-scarce province. According to the "2004 China Water Resources Bulletin" issued by the Ministry of Water Resources in January 2006, the per capita water consumption in Shanxi ranks last in the country, only 168 cubic meters, less than the national average water consumption. /5. Despite the attractive prospects, as of now, Taikoo Tiancheng's methanol and dimethyl ether project has still not officially started.
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